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Cervical Cancer is the fourth most common cancer of women in the world and can be very devastating hence the need for prevention using Pap smears a screening modality. Colposcopy further evaluates.

Per the ASCCP( American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology) Screening recommendation is currently from the ages of 21 years through 65 years at standardized intervals depending on age, risk factors and findings. Risk factors include smoking and infection with Human Papilloma Virus and HIV. . Symptoms include bleeding with sex, unusual /foul smelling vaginal discharge, irregular or heavy vaginal bleeding and painful sex.  Even more scary is that it can be symptom free in its early stages.

Pap smears are a screening method for Cervical Cancer.  This is done by using a thin brush to swipe around your cervix to collect some cells. This is then analyzed in the laboratory to determine if normal or abnormal. Depending on the degree of abnormality or age of the person a viral screening (Human Papilloma Virus- HPV) can also be done.

With abnormal findings a Colposcopy is recommended to ensure there are no concerns for cervical cancer or need for additional treatment.

A colposcope is a like a magnifying glass on a stand used to look at the cervix and with the help of some dyes being applied, color changes and nature of the cervix will help delineate findings of abnormal cells. A small biopsy(pinch) of the cervix using special instruments can then be taken and sent to the laboratory for further analysis.

Invasive(advanced) cervical cancer can be prevented by screening with Pap smear and HPV testing and if abnormal a Colposcopy and treatment as necessary implemented.

At RealHealth OBGYN and Family Practice, Pearsall, Texas, Dr. Valentine Ugwu and his staff can help provide this care for you. For appointments call (8303342656) or make one online today at



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